The Failure Mode and Effect Analysis or Failure Mode and Effect Criticality Analysis commonly called FMEA / FMECA is a technical analysis to prevent potential failures.
This structured method allows, from the definition of expected functions , to assess the risks in order to prevent malfunctions or to limit its effects.
Based on the functions performed by a system (or product), the analysis can identify:
- What may malfunction,
- The effects this is likely to generate,
- The significance of all this in terms of probability and severity (criticality),
- The actions to be taken to eliminate risks.
The FMEA process can be presented as follows:
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